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  • Dan Michael Cogan

Titus, Part 1: "Cretans, We Have a Problem"


Titus was a young pastor on the island of Crete. His mentor, the Apostle Paul, had left him there to continue establishing the church there in the gospel.


It seems it didn't take long before Titus faced some challenges in his ministry.


Paul describes the situation in Titus 1:10ff:

For there are many who are insubordinate, empty talkers and deceivers, especially those of the circumcision party.They must be silenced, since they are upsetting whole families by teaching for shameful gain what they ought not to teach.One of the Cretans, a prophet of their own, said, “Cretans are always liars, evil beasts, lazy gluttons.” This testimony is true. Therefore rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith,not devoting themselves to Jewish myths and the commands of people who turn away from the truth.To the pure, all things are pure, but to the defiled and unbelieving, nothing is pure; but both their minds and their consciences are defiled.They profess to know God, but they deny him by their works. They are detestable, disobedient, unfit for any good work. — Titus 1:10-16 (ESV)

Apparently there were many who were being "conformed to this world" rather than being "transformed by the renewal of [their] mind" (Romans 12:2).


So to address this concern, Paul gives young Titus a baseline for what Christian living ought to look like, and explains that this is to be modeled for them by the pastors (elders, overseers) in the local church.

This is why I left you in Crete, so that you might put what remained into order, and appoint elders in every town as I directed you—if anyone is above reproach, the husband of one wife, and his children are believers and not open to the charge of debauchery or insubordination.For an overseer, as God's steward, must be above reproach. He must not be arrogant or quick-tempered or a drunkard or violent or greedy for gain, but hospitable, a lover of good, self-controlled, upright, holy, and disciplined. He must hold firm to the trustworthy word as taught, so that he may be able to give instruction in sound doctrine and also to rebuke those who contradict it. — Titus 1:5-9 (ESV)

The trustworthy word? Sound doctrine? These are just two ways of saying "the gospel."


This is important to notice because this is foundational in understanding Paul's thesis, which we find in verses 1 and 2:

Paul, a servant of God and an apostle of Jesus Christ, for the sake of the faith of God's elect and their knowledge of the truth, which accords with godliness, in hope of eternal life, which God, who never lies, promised before the ages began — Titus 1:1,2 (ESV)

Godliness and hope. I believe this whole letter can be summarized into those primary categories.


And it's just these categories that I will tease out in this brief blog series.


Stay tuned for part 2!

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